BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to determine the effectiveness of movement impairment correction exercise on patients with osteoarthritis of knee. There are very few studies based on movement impairment correction in osteoarthritis of knee. Our study aims to establish the effectiveness of movement impairment correction in patients with osteoarthritis of knee. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of movement impairment correction in patients with osteoarthritis of knee. METHODOLOGY :22 subjects who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were asked to fill up the ADL’S KOS scale, and NPRS and then patients were taught specific movement impairment correction exercises according to Shirley A Sharman classification which were classified and identified during physical examination. Patients advised to perform the exercises for 2 times in a day with 10 repetitions about 4 weeks. Patients were called for review after 4 weeks. Then, patients were asked to fill up ADL’S KOS and NPRS and post treatment values are obtained. RESULTS: Our result shows pain is markedly reduced after intervention and improvements in functional activities. NPRS score was (pre- 6.95) and reduced to (post-2.45), mean ADL’s KOS was (pre-43.84) score and (post-81.36). CONCLUSION: According to statistical value we can conclude that movement impairment correction exercise is clinically and statistically significant and effective in patients with osteoarthritis of knee.
2016040226,EFFECTIVENESS OF MOVEMENT IMPAIREMENTCORRECTION ON CLASSIFIED MOVEMENT IMPAIREMENT SYNDROMES IN KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS pdf
Domestication of honey bees for collecting honey, bee wax and pollen is called bee keeping. There are about 20,000 species of honey bees in the world. The Indian honey bee, Apis cerana indica Fab.is used in South India for commercial beekeeping and honey production. Eventhough the industry had developed tremendously; better performing colonies/strains with desirable traits are required for increased productivity and sustainable apiculture in South India. Concurrently, most of the colonies of A. cerana indica are not economically viable, Selective breeding is the best solution for stock improvement. Better genetic traits can be transferred and the productivity can be increased through selective breeding, so as to evolve best performing Indian bee colonies, Hence the present study was undertaken with a view to identify Indian bee A. cerana indica colonies with viable characters and develop a better perfoñning strain with desirable traits for improving the stock through selective breeding for sustainable apiculture in the State. The bee colonies with desirable characters were selected for evolving colonies with economically important traits. Production of potential queens through artificial queen rearing technique could be standardized in the study and further exploited for developing better performing colonies through selective breeding. The selectively bred colonies developed in the study could be subjected to extensive studies for further bee stock improvement.
2016040225,DEVELOPMENT OF VITAL GENERATION THROUGH QUEEN REARING TECHNIQUE IN APIS CERANA INDICA.pdf
The aim of the present study is to evaluate the concentration of heavy metals in water and in sediment of Uppanar estuary, located at Cuddalore district, Tamil Nadu, India. The water and sediment samples were collected periodically from estuary during post monsoon, summer, pre monsoon and monsoon seasons from three different stations viz; station 1, station 2 and station 3. The samples were analyzed for the levels of cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn) and nickel (Ni) by using standard methods. A significant seasonal variation (P< 0.05) was observed in the levels of all heavy metals in three stations. In water, heavy metals level was found to be in the order of Zn> Cu > Pb> Cd >Ni, whereas in sediments it was found to be in the order of Zn> Cu> Cd> Pb> Ni. The present results clearly indicated that the levels of Zn, Cu, Cd and Pb were exceeded the prescribed limits of WHO and also showed that both the samples were contaminated with heavy metals. The maximum levels of heavy metals in both the samples were noticed in S2 followed by S3 and S1. The elevated concentration of metals in this region may be due to location of this station nearer to the SIPCOT industries, where mixing of industrial effluents with estuary followed by river runoff, which contribute much of industrial and land derived materials along with domestic, municipal, and agricultural wastes loaded with pesticides. In addition to the continuous contribution of pollutants due to human activities, industries may also have a significant contribution of these metals in all the stations. Hence, it is recommended that, possible measures should be taken to minimize the levels of heavy metals in this study area.
2016040224,SEASONAL VARIATIONS OF HEAVY METALS IN WATER AND SEDIMENTS OF UPPANAR ESTUARY, SOUTHEAST COAST OF INDIA pdf.
Some physicochemical parameters related to groundwater quality obtained from Uppodai sub basin of Tambaraparani river basin of Tamilnadu was investigated for the purpose of drinking. Total 15 groundwater samples are collected from tube wells during the month of July 2013. In the groundwater samples analysed in physic properties and chemical characters such as pH, EC, TDS, major cations and major anions were measured using standard procedure. The physical properties values are varied from pH (7.4 to 8.9), EC (460 μmho/cm to 6100 μmho/cm) and TDS (294 to 3904). Similarly major ions Ca (72 to 416), Mg (2.44 to 112.24), Na (19 to 446), K (3 to 48), HCO3 (183 to 951), SO4 (7 to 168), Cl (142 to 525) and F (0.5 to 2.0) all parameters except pH and EC indicate the unite of mg/l. all the measured parameters compared with WHO (2011) standard for drinking water quality permissible limit. In this case the study area samples are occurred some samples above and below the limit, which is the affect the some anthropogenic activities.
2016040223Physicochemical Characteristics of groundwater quality in Uppodai sub basin of Tambaraparani River basin…pdf
Background: Incisional hernia, by definition represents a breakdown or loss of continuity of a fascial closure. Surgical management of incisional hernias has evolved over the last century. This study was performed to review clinical profile and management of incisional hernia in our institute. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To analyze the etiopathogenesis of incisional hernia with respect to patient variable factors, types of surgical intervention. Materials and Methods: This a prospective study conducted at our institute between July2014 to Oct 2016. 50 patients were included and followed up for immediate post-operative complications. OBSERVATIONS AND Results: Incisional hernia was found to occur more often in 31-40yr age group,and mostly in females. Most commonly occurred following gynecological operations, lower abdominal incisions, post-operative wound infection. Conclusion: In Incisional hernias the choice of operative technique is crucial. Incisional hernias occur more often in females as they are more likely to undergo lower abdominal surgeries. Mesh repair is considered superior to anatomical repair.
2016040222-A STUDY OF INCISIONAL HERNIA pdf
INTRODUCTION: Upper gastrointestinal tract disorders are one of the most commonly encountered problems in clinical practice. Patients with symptoms of esophageal diseases are commonly encountered in surgical practice. The evaluation of esophageal diseases and their management has been challenging to physicians and surgeons. Endoscopy is the procedure of choice for the diagnostic evaluation of Esophagus because of its ease, reliability, diagnostic superiority, wide availability and the ability it gives the endoscopist to perform biopsies and therapeutic interventions.
OBJECTIVES: 1. To study the incidence of various esophageal diseases with respect to age, sex. Socioeconomic status, risk factors, symptomatology in our hospital (RMMCH) .2. To study the pattern of presentation of various esophageal diseases.
3. To study the need for different therapeutic procedures that can be done endoscopically in our hospital.
SETTING: Endoscopy clinic in Rajah Muthiah Medical College & Hospital, Annamalai nagar,Tamilnadu-a large rural based tertiary care hospital.
MATERIALS & METHODS: This is a prospective study of 200 patients with symptoms of esophageal diseases who attended department of surgery and underwent UpperGI Endoscopy under SII unit in RAJAH MUTHIAH MEDICAL COLLEGE HOSPITAL during the period from JULY 2016 to OCTOBER 2016 . These patients underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy both on IP and OP basis. Documentations of patients which includes, identification, history, clinical findings, investigative tests, endoscopy findings and complications during the stay in hospital and during subsequent follow up period, were all recorded in a proforma specially prepared.
Results: In our Series of 200 cases, 50 cases (25%) had normal findings, 150 cases (75%) had abnormal findings. Males constituted about 62.5 % and Females 37.5% of total population. Among those having diseases Reflux Esophagitis (41.3%) was the commonest, followed by Hiatus hernia at 26.6 %, Carcinoma Esophagus presented in 4 % of cases. Among age groups, majority belonged to 26-50 yrs (59.5%).Among 200, 45% are smokers and 38% are alcoholics. Heartburn is the commonest presenting complaint found in 55% cases, followed by difficulty swallowing, regurgitation, chest pain, loss of appetite, malena and hematemesis.
Conclusion: In our study, the commonest Esophageal pathology in patients with upper gastrointestinal symptoms and underwent UGI Endocscopy was Reflux Esophagitis at 41.3%. We therefore conclude that upper GI endoscopic evaluation is a must in all patients who present with upper gastrointestinal tract symptoms and to identify early identification of lesions with malignant potential.
2016040221-A Study of Esophageal Diseases in Rajah Muthiah Medical CollegeHospital…pdf
Background: Prematurity and its prevention continue to be a major challenge for both the obstetrician and neonatologist. Preterm labour is the most common obstetrical complication associated with perinatal deaths. Despite all advances in neonatology, the delivery of a preterm neonate is a clinical crisis that threatens the life and health of an infant. The obstetrician thus faces the challenge of affecting the delivery in such a way as to optimize the status of fetus-infant at birth It is far more preferable to prevent the initiation of preterm labour than once the cascade of events has already been established. Objective: To assess the efficacy of magnesium sulphate as a tocolytic agent in preterm labour. Material and Methods: 35 pregnant patients with gestational age 28-37 weeks with cervical dilatation not more than 3cm and cervical effacement not more than 50 % with intact membranes with regular uterine contractions with a frequency of 2 or more per 10 minutes lasting for at least 30 seconds were put on magnesium sulphate. Results: Magnesium sulphate was successful in attaining tocolysis in majority of patients
Conclusion: Magnesium sulphate is an effective, safe and well tolerated tocolytic agent.
2016040220.ROLE OF MAGNESIUM SULPHATE IN THE MANAGEMENT OFPRETERM LABOUR pdf.
Background: Pre-eclampsia is a pregnancy specific disorder which constitutes hypertension after 20 weeks of gestation and proteinuria. It is being speculated that associated subclinical left ventricular dysfunction may contribute to cardiac mortality and morbidity. This prospective study on left ventricular systolic function by echocardiography was undertaken in normal and pre-eclamptic pregnancies. Methodology: This prospective study was carried in Rajah Muthiah Medical College and Hospital, Chidambaram. Forty subjects were enrolled of which 20 had pre-eclampsia and 20 were normotensive. All were subjected to echocardiography.Results: Echocardiography reveals no significant systolic dysfunction was noted in pre-eclamptic patients and normotensive patients.
2016040219.SYSTOLIC FUNCTION IN PRE ECLAMPSIA pdf.
To compare the Transvaginal cervical length with modified Bishop’s score for cervical assessment in women undergoing labour induction at term to predict the need for caesarean delivery and to estimate the cut-off points for cervical length measured by TVS and modified bishop’s score in successful induction.
Methods: A prospective study was performed on One hundred and twenty five nulliparous women admitted for induction of labour. The cervical length was measured by TVS in cm followed by Digital vaginal examination done to record the modified Bishop’s score. Dinoprostone gel (0.5mg) was kept in the endocervical canal for inducing labour.
Results: Bishop’s score of 4 and cervical length by transvaginal ultrasound of 2.6cm are considered as cutoff values. Patients with TVS Cervical length of (2.54±0.50) cm delivered vaginally, whereas patients with TVS Cervical length of (3.26±0.45) cm delivered by caesarean section. A total of 32 (61.5%) of the patients delivered vaginally, and 3 (4.1%) of the patients delivered by caesarean section had cervical length ≤2.6 cm. Patients with modified Bishop’s score around (4.9±3.1) delivered vaginally, whereas patients delivered by caesarean section had modified Bishop’s score around (3.1±1.1). Moreover, 39 (75%) of the patients delivered vaginally, and 20(28.7%) of the patients delivered by caesarean section had modified Bishop’s score ≥4.
Conclusions: Both TVS cervical length and modified Bishop’s score are useful predictors of the need for caesarean delivery following labour induction.
2016040218.Study of comparison on transvaginal cervical length and modified Bishop’s score pdf.
Post partum hemorrhage (PPH) is an important cause of maternal mortality accounting for nearly 25% of maternal deaths worldwide. Atonic PPH is the most common cause of PPH. PPH is a preventable condition. Third stage of labour is indeed a unforgiving stage of labour where normal case can become abnormal within a minute and successful delivery can turn into a disaster. This paper represent a case of atonic PPH as well as literature review.
2016040217.CHALLENGING CASE OF POSTPARTUM HEMORRHAGE – A CASE REPORT pdf.