In today’s relevance, the application of diesel engine holds an important role. Though the economic and environmental aspects do not support the use of diesel nowadays, it is impossible to accomplish the habitual livelihood without diesel engine. Therefore it is mandatory to devise the use of diesel in an economic and environmentally benevolent manner. In the present scenario, the combustion efficiency of compression ignition engine is very low. The improper combustion leads to poor efficiency and the emission of incomplete combustion by-products. Hence it was planned to increase the combustion efficiency and thereby to increase the performance and to reduce the exhaust emission. The combustion efficiency of diesel can be further improved by reducing the ignition delay period. The present work was aimed at to improve the performance and to reduce the emission by using different chemical compounds at a definite proportion by volume with diesel, also to compare the performance and emission of the engine while using different blended fuel. For experimentation, different blended fuels in which various chemical additives blended with diesel were used as fuel. The observations were analyzed and the results were compared with the performance and emission characteristics of the engine while using diesel without any additives as fuel. The performance characteristic curves revealed that the addition of additives enhances the combustion efficiency of diesel; the outcome of the emission test concluded that there was an appreciable reduction in emission of combustion by-products.
201604018 COMPARATIVE STUDY ON PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION IN FOUR STROKE DIESEL ENGINE USING DIFFERENT BLENDED FUEL pdf.
Herbs and herbal products have been used traditionally to cure almost all ailments of human as well as animals. In the Ayurveda, Siddha, and Unani, are detail description of use of plants as medicine has been found. The South-Eastern Region of India is one of the richest biodiversity hotspots, with more than 500 species of medicinal plants used by different tribal population groups as contraceptives and treating reproductive anomalies. It has been observed that more than 70% of the people living in some tribal dominated areas of Tamil Nadu even today depend largely on traditional Medicinal system. In the present study, well-experienced traditional herbal medicine practitioners were interviewed about the uses of herbs to cure infertility and to induce fertility in three districts of Tamil Nadu, India. The preliminary survey clearly indicated that an Ethno-medicinal plants species have been still in the use for treatment of sterility or enhancing fertility or for vitality by some rural people in the Tamil Nadu.
201604017A survey on the traditional use of fertility inducing plants used by herbal pdf
Coconut is important role play in human life. It improves verity of eatable, medical valuable and usable products. Coconut tree’s all parts are used for manufacturing products. It increases employment, developing of cottage, tiny and Taine sectors, small scale industries and national and International economy. Due to poor rain fall and real estate business increases, its productivity and coconut products productions are gradually decreasing day by day. These products are having sizable demand in home and export markets. Even though, farmers, coconut products manufacturers and exporters are facing some problems. This study is conducted based on these problems.
201604016 Coconut Products Marketing Problems in Coimbatore District pdf.
Development of accelerator technologies capable of delivering highly stable and collimated ion beam currents, ranging from a few μA to 100 mA, and incident ion energies, ranging from 100 eV to ~10 MeV, have provided a broad and capable technology for fabrication of ICs for logic, memory, and analog operations, as well as an increasingly varied array of optical sensors and imaging devices. This paper reviews the major types of accelerators, ion sources, and scanning methods used in contemporary practice for ion implantation for electronic applications.
201604015EFFECT OF ION IMPLANTATION pdf.
Sugar mills plays a major role in polluting the water bodies and land by discharging a large amount of wastewater as effluent. The present investigation deals with the utilization of different concentrations (control, 10, 25, 50, 75 & 100 %) of sugar mill effluent on growth and biochemical contents of black gram (Vigna mungo, var.ADT-3 ). The sugar mill effluents are having higher amount of suspend solids, dissolved solids, BOD, COD, chloride sulphate, nitrates, calcium and magnesium. It also considerable quantity of nutrients also present. The results shows that the lower concentration 10 per cent were increased the growth. The above mentioned parameters were decreased with the increase of effluent concentrations. However, the lower concentration promote the crops plants.
201604014EFFICACY OF SUGARMILL EFFLUENT ON MORPHOLIGICAL GROWTH OF BLACKGRAM pdf.
The experiment was conduct in red loamy soil to know the utilization of dairy effluent on germination and Bio chemical changes of black gram (Vigna mungo L.). The dairy effluent concentration such as 10,20,30,40,50 and 100 per cent was applied on the black gram seedlings. The parameters such as germination percentage, root length, shoot length, fresh weight dry weight, vigour index, tolerant Index, percentage of phyto toxicity, chlorophyll ‘a’,’b’ total chlorophyll and carotenoid contents were measured. Bio chemicals such as protein, Amino acids, reducing, and non-reducing sugar, total sugar and starch contents also measured. The highest growth performance was recorded at 20% effluent concentration when compared with others.
201604013UTILIZATION OF DAIRY EFFLUENT ON GERMINATION AND BIO CHEMICAL CHANGES OF BLACK GRAM pdf.
Agriculture is an important role play in Indian economic growth. The formers are doing their agriculture work traditional method with help of hand craft instruments. In this stage, both men and women were utilized for agri production. There was huge land in India but there were poor production. Due to various innovations stage by stage, many types of machinery had been innovated to increase agriculture productivity and reduce men power. Even though, all the formers cannot utilize machinery in agri productivity. In this article discussed about level of agriculture machinery utilized in Indian agriculture.
201604012MACHINERY UTILIZATION IN INDIAN AGRICULTURE pdf.
A hydro geochemical study was conducted in Ariyalur region situated in the southeast of Tamil Nadu, India to identify suitability of groundwater for drinking, domestic and agricultural purposes. To have a synoptic view of geochemical processes in the region, a total of 73 groundwater samples were collected and analyzed for cations and anions. The geochemical parameters were compared with WHO and it was found that most of the samples are unsuitable for drinking purpose. The samples were classified with parameters like sodium absorption ratio, residual sodium carbonate, total hardness, chloride, index to Base Exchange, electrical conductivity and faces to determine their suitability for irrigation purpose. The geochemical faces of the groundwater have been studied by Gibbs plot and reconstructed piper plot which shows that weathering, ion exchange and anthropogenic processes controlling the groundwater chemistry in the region.
201604011A study on the hydrogeochemical processes groundwater quality of Ariyalur pdf.